Today, Turkish laws are allowed to marry a Turkish citizen with a foreign country citizen. What is citizenship in Turkey by marriage? What conditions must be met to obtain Turkish citizenship by marriage? You can find the answers in our article below.
A foreign person can apply for Turkish citizenship after marrying a Turk, if he/she wishes.
However, this application does not happen immediately. As a result of fulfilling the procedures and conditions required in the Law and completing the specified period, citizenship application can be made.
According to the Citizenship Law, Turkish citizenship can be obtained by birth or later. Obtaining citizenship in Turkey by marriage is covered by obtained citizenship afterward. Subsequently acquired citizenship is a form of citizenship acquired by the decision of the competent authority. Foreigners who fulfill the conditions specified in the Law can obtain Turkish citizenship by the Ministry Decision.
Marriages by citizenship
There are many reasons why foreign citizens want to marry Turkish people. Although love is at the beginning of this, it is an important factor that Turkish lands are an ideal place to live and live under the roof of marriage.
Under normal circumstances, every nation wants to marry people of their own language, religion and race. Because culture and language mismatch is the main enemy of marriage. In the past time, while the Turkish people used to approach foreign marriages a little more cautiously in, when we look at the number of marriages by years, it is seen that this prejudice has started to dissolve slowly. In addition, the subject of obtaining citizenship in Turkey by marriage also plays an important role for a stranger who wants to marry a Turkish citizen.
According to the statistical data of TUIK, marriages between Turkish men and Turkish women with foreign nationals are increasing every year.
In 2017, 3,782 foreign grooms and 20,972 foreign brides had marriages with Turkish citizens.
In 2018, the number of foreign groom reached 4.268, increasing by 1.13% compared to the previous year. In foreign brides, this figure increased to 23,332 and increased by 1,11%.
As of 2019, it is recorded the number of foreign grooms was 4.580 and the number of foreign brides was 23.264.
The person who will apply for Turkish citizenship by marriage should be an adult and have power to distinguish. The determination of this power is based on the national law of the person or the Turkish Civil Code No. 4721 if the person is stateless.
The person who will apply fo Turkish citizenship should have a continuously 5 years residence in Turkey from the date of the application to backward. Duration of residence is proved with certificate showing the dates of entry and exit to Turkey and certified by a residence permit. Foreign person can stay outside of Turkey not exceeding a total of 6 months, during his/her residence permit time. This period is not counted as deduction in terms of the Law.
The person to apply for Turkish citizenship, he/she needs to confirm the settlement decision in Turkey. Marrying a Turkish citizen means confirming this situation.
The foreigner who wants to get citizenship should not have a disease that threatens general public health.
One of the most important conditions sought in granting Turkish citizenship is that the person receiving the citizenship shows that he/she has good morality. The person should act with the sense of responsibility required to live together in the community, should give confidence to his/her environment and should not have a bad habit contrary to the values of the society.
In addition, the applicant must be able to speak adequate level of Turkish in order to provide a harmonization in social life in Turkey.
How to gain citizenship in Turkey by marriage?
Foreigners who fulfill the conditions stipulated in Article 16 regarding the acquisition of the Turkish Citizenship Law by marriage can apply for Turkish citizenship.
Marrying a Turkish citizen does not entitle the foreigner to obtain Turkish citizenship directly. The foreign person must have been married to a Turkish citizen for at least 3 years. In addition, continuing marriage is among the conditions. Only in this way can citizenship be applied. Apart from that, some other conditions sought for application are as follows;
* The married people should live in a family union,
* The person should not behave activities incompatible with the marriage union,
* There should not be any obstacle in terms of national security and public order.
If the marriage ends due to the death of the spouse after the application of Turkish citizenship by marriage, the condition of “living in a family union” is not sought.
It is a common practice in Turkey, that the Turks get marriage to foreign nationals. Accordingly, there is no harm in marrying a Turkish and a foreigner, provided that it complies with the Law and the necessary conditions are met. Upon the application of foreigners who want to become Turkish citizens by getting married, the relevant authorities conduct the necessary researches about the person. As a result of the research, if the following situations are detected, its application is not accepted and this situation is notified to it.
Cases the application will not be accepted;
- If the person has not been married to a Turkish citizen for three years,
- If the marriage has ended due to divorce or death before the application date,
- If he/she is still on trial for any crime or is convicted or imprisoned,
- If the documents required for application are not obtained in the acquisition of Turkish citizenship by marriage.
Another important point is that; If the spouse of the person to apply for Turkish citizenship through marriage has subsequently gained Turkish citizenship, the 3-year marriage period is calculated as of the date of the Turkish spouse's citizenship.
As with any official application, there are documents that foreigners who will apply for Turkish citizenship through marriage should prepare and submit to the relevant official authorities. One of the issues that are most curious, "What are the documents required for citizenship in Turkey by marriage?". Let's take a brief look at these documents.
- Form petition stating the request for Turkish citizenship,
- Population registration sample belonging to a Turkish citizen spouse (application authorities get this document from the system),
- Passport or similar document (if the person is stateless and it is possible to supply it)
- Birth certificate or registration form (to show the identity information of the person).
- If the residential place in Turkey, current dated residence permit.
- If there is a final court decision about him/her related to any crime, a certified copy.
- If the person's date of birth and month does not exist, the document received from the competent authorities of his country for the completion of the date of birth (if the document cannot be obtained, the signed declaration should be that he / she accepted the process is done according to Article 39 of the Population Services Law No. 5490),
- A receipt proving that the relevant service fee is paid to the cash desk.
The relevant authorities create a file on behalf of the foreign person who applies with the submission of application documents. The relevant authorities, by informing the Provincial Police Department, ask the applicant to investigate the foreigner.
The following issues related to the foreigner who wishes to gain Turkish citizenship by getting married by the Provincial Security Directorate are investigated and the positive / negative result is written on the investigation form.
- Does the applicant live in a family union?
- Is there any behavior that is incompatible with marital union?
- Is there any situation in terms of national security and public order?
The file of the foreigner whose investigation is completed is returned to the Provincial Population and Citizenship Directorate. This authority sends the file to the Citizenship Application Review Commission for investigation and research.
The Commission conducts different interviews with the foreign citizen who applies for Turkish citizenship and his/her Turkish spouse separately and together. The purpose of these interviews is to determine whether marriage is real or just a marriage made to gain Turkish citizenship.
As a result of these interviews, the commission's decision on obtaining Turkish citizenship by marriage is written on the form and the file is sent to the Ministry by the Provincial Directorate.
If the application for Turkish citizenship is made abroad, this process is carried out by the relevant consulates. The criminal record in the country where the foreigner is located and the marriage record with his/her Turkish citizen spouse are investigated and the information and documents obtained are added to the file. The relevant file is sent to the Ministry for decision.
How to prove citizenship in Turkey by marriage?
The proof of Turkish citizenship, which is not subject to any shape, is made with the population registration, the population and international family wallets, passport or passport replacement documents.
The information about the person who is not been sure about whether he/she is a Turkish citizen or not, can be asked from the Ministry. The Ministry examines the situation in accordance with the relevant legislation and international agreements and reports the result to the relevant authority.
Name and surname registration in Turkish citizenship application
It is possible for foreigners who apply to obtain Turkish citizenship to get Turkish names and surnames. Also, the name and surname of the person who wishes to protect their own names and surnames are written in Turkish letters and registered in the family register, in accordance with the Law on Acceptance and Application of Turkish Letters No. 1353.