Anatolian parts of Turkey, which have hosted many civilizations throughout history, are also famous for their wide number of fruits besides their natural beauties. With the summer months, the enthusiasm of harvest starts in the fruitful territory of Anatolia. Fresh fruits gathered from their branches all over the country are exported both domestically and abroad.
You find great and flavor Turkish fruits such as; Almond, Apple, Apricot, Banana, Bitter Orange, Blackberry, Carob, Cherry, Dates, Fig, Grapes, and so on.
Because of its rich natural vegetation, in terms of Turkish fruit production, the country is one of the world's affluent countries. Geographical variation in climate and territory type offered a great environment for the planting of fruits and vegetables. You can find hundreds type of fruits in Turkey such as pears, grapes and apples
In addition to eating fresh, fruits can also consume it boiled or dried or as juices and canned. You can find fruits in many various and unique ways in Turkish cuisine.
Thanks to its fruitful lands and mild climate, the Gazipasa region of Antalya is a great emplacement where many fruits are grown. In Gazipasa, familiar with its small and sweet-scented banana, it is feasible to find avocado, papaya, Pepino and Chilean cherry grows in tropical countries. Bananas are planted in 12 thousand decares of land on narrow but productive territories starting from the beach to the skirts of the Taurus Mountains. In the region, where the yearly banana harvest is 45 thousand tons, tropical fruits have been produced for about 15 years.
In Gazipasa region, which has also started strawberry production in last years, 40 thousand tons of fruits are bought yearly on an area of 10 thousand decares. The number of the producer, which turns to cherry fruit, is happy that continues production in 600-altitude villages in early May and 1600-altitude highlands until the end of August.
In the region, where studies for alternative products continue, small apples are growing rapidly. In the area, the fruit heaven promised by scrub apple orchards that were based three years ago, mulberry trees in the garden of the homes, and the grapes of the vines, which the people call "Roof bonds", fulfill the fruit needs of the household. These fruitful products are collected and brought to the market after the needs of the home are met and served to the guests.
Even if those who pass their holidays in Antalya cannot reach Gazipasa, which is just beginning to open up to tourism, they can find these fruits in the neighborhood markets founded almost every day in every region of the city.
The Uluborlu region of Isparta, which has been place to various civilizations all along with history and was once known as Mordiaum (Country of Quince), is now famous for its cherry. Thanks to the saplings planted by Ali Tuna, who had been a barber in that period in the 1960s, the products grown in Uluborlu, which met cherry, exported to Europe and Russia. The cherries that are collected from mid-June to mid-July are priced on the cherry stock market created in the region and sent to England, Germany and Russia.
Mayor Mehmet Unverdi, who is also a cherry producer and exporter, made a statement that 22 thousand acres of soil in the district were produced in 13-14 thousand acres of cherry. Unverdi noted that the most significant buyers of cherries, which have been exported to Europe since the 1970s, were Britain and Germany, and that Russia is the first country in the recent years, 48 percent of the cherries, whose yearly exports amounted to 7-8 thousand tons, were exported to Russia last year.
Expressing that the caliber of the exported cherry was measured with tools with round holes in various sizes, Unverdi noted that products with 28 calibers were exported and the products below were supplied to the domestic market. Unverdi said, if you want to eat the real Uluborlu cherry, you will come here and be a guest of the producer.
One of the devious options for Turkish fruits is watermelon. As a significant part of the meeting of Turkey's watermelon production as well as early-season watermelons grown in Adana, the ongoing reaping products cools the hot summer days.
The rich juicy watermelons produced from the core are the favorite Turkish fruits of the hot summer days, while the producers are pleased with the great price. While it is specified that watermelon growing has been done in the city in 80 thousand decares at the recent year, watermelons, which have been provided to consumers for about a month, find purchases between 60-80 cents.
The great part of Adana watermelons, which are exported to some European countries, mostly Germany and some major part is also consumed in the domestic market.
What should be Considered while Buying Watermelon in Turkey?
In addition to cooling the hot summer days, while purchasing the suggested watermelon for the summer diet, if the green part is easily removed, the symmetrical and the part that is in contact with the soil is light yellow, it should be preferred.
In addition, if "cut-out" watermelon is to be bought, it is attractive to pay attention to the color of the inner part being bright red and the kernel are small, dark brown or black.
Many Turkish fruits are growing in Hatay, which is took place at the far end of the Mediterranean zone, thanks to its great climate characteristics and fruitful lands. In addition to industrial products, fruit diversity such as oranges, apricots, tangerines, grapes, plums and melons are amongst the Turkish fruits produced intensively in Hatay.
Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and tangerines are in the first place with 178 thousand 698 decares of growing area and 13 million 594 thousand 390 trees in the district. Harvesting of the melon, which has been decorated in a land of 15 thousand 700 decares in Kirikhan region and its scent, started to decorate the dining tables in summer.
Melon, which is a fruit rich in vitamins A and C, as well as having abundant of water in it, is among the fruits to be eaten in the summer season with its body cooling feature. While most of the melon grown in the region is consumed in the local market, it is also exported to abroad countries.
Apricot, which is planted on a land of 7 thousand 711 decares and include about 179 thousand 767 trees, is one of the most eaten fruits in the summer. Apricot, which granted 41 kilograms per tree last year and achieved 7,434 tons of fruits, is among the most consumed fruits with its flavor and smell. In addition to melon and apricot, plum, which is planted in a land of 13 thousand 863 decares, is also one of the inevitable fruits of the summer months.
Mersin, which has begun to get more shares from the tourism market with its historical texture and is famous as the “pearl of the south”, is one of the rare cities that originated to decorate fruit plates with its agricultural production.
Mersin, which has started to be on the topical more and more with its uninterrupted coastline of 321 kilometers and its historical texture, also draws attention with its agricultural production. Turkey's southern farthest point is characterized with a town 223 kilometers far from the town of Anamur which is only one of these manufacturing centers.
In this region, which is famous all over the country with banana production, it is feasible to find lots of and cheap bananas in the ongoing seasons. Anamur banana, which makes has variety with its smell and taste, finds buyers from 2 Turkish Liras per kilogram.
Anamur which meet the needs of a significant part of Turkey's banana exports, adorn the Turkish dining table. The big and chubby apricot grown in Mut region in the Taurus Mountains is the early option of fruit plates. Turkey's apricot exports of meeting the 90 percent found in apricots of Mut find its buyer 2 or 3 Turkish Liras per kilogram. Mut apricot being an early fruit satisfies the exporter as much as the producer. Such that Mut apricot, which is exported to many big cities in the local market, especially Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Konya, is in high demand from Russia, Germany, Italy and Belgium in exports.
On the other hand, grapes in Tarsus region took place in the east of the city offer a different flavor. While the kilogram of "Tarsus white", famous for its thin crust and high sugar content, finds buyers from 1 Turkish Lira, it cannot be appraised in exports because of its short shelf life.
This year's yield of Tarsus grape, which is mostly mentioned in the Cukurova zone, is produced as 400 thousand tons.
The Aegean region standing as the first and lucky regions in terms of climate in Turkey, with a wide range of fruitful lands, almost every type of fruit production is going on in it. The most important among these wide number of fruits which are the world-famous sultan grape, Kirkagac melon, olives, figs, cherries, black mulberry, peaches, satsuma tangerines, plums, strawberries, peanuts and chestnuts.
It is feasible to see this richness that colors when you visit the bazaars, wherever you go to the Aegean, and also to purchase freshly cheap fruits. Antioxidants that fight against many radicals that cause many diseases and damage cells are mostly found in Turkish natural fruits. Fruits have many vitamins, mostly vitamins A, C and E, as well as antioxidants such as pro-vitamin-A and selenium.