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Pamukkale Turkey: Hierapolis Ancient City
& Cleopatra’s Thermal Pool

Pamukkale Turkey, a natural protected area in the Menderes River Valley, welcomes its visitors like a bride with its white travertines.

 

Pamukkale Turkey, a rare masterpiece, is located within the provincial borders of Denizli and 20 kilometers from the city center. 

 

It is possible to see Pamukkale Turkey Travertines with a height of 100 meters on the banks of the Menderes River from many points of the Denizli region.

 

Pamukkale Turkey consists of spring waters and travertine terraced hills. The terraces of the nature masterpiece, which has been serving thermal springs for a thousand years, consist of carbonate minerals precipitated from the hot spring water.

 

 

The Cotton Castle of Turkey | Pamukkale Turkey

 

Pamukkale Turkey, which has a unique view with a series of earthquakes that took place 400 thousand years ago, with the travertines created by thermal waters in the Big Menderes River, offers a visual feast to its visitors.

 

Water saturated with calcium carbonate evaporates in the sun. Following the cottony appearance of the gel white travertines that emerged in the first place, the structure solidifies and turns into rocks with a crystallized surface.

 

There are 17 hot water areas with a temperature of 35-100 ° C, which are named Pamukkale Turkey due to the softness of the original form of travertines and its white color like cotton.

The thermal water coming out of the spring travels 320 meters and comes to the travertine.

 

From here, it is poured into travertine layers and travels another 240-300 meters. You can go to Pamukkale Turkey by vehicles such as car, bus, train or plane. You can have a great overnight stop in Pamukkale Turkey when traveling between Izmir, Selcuk, Ephesus, Kusadasi or Marmaris and Antalya or Konya and Cappadocia. 

 

It is feasible to go to Pamukkale Turkey with a day trip from Selcuk (Ephesus) or Izmir by train. In Pamukkale, you can have a great day discovering the vast Roman ruins of Hierapolis, ascending the rows of seats in the grand Roman theater, visiting the shows at the Archeology Museum, jumping into the travertines (when permitted) and even diving into the pool filled with grooved marble columns.

 

 

Opening times and admission fees of Hierapolis / Pamukkale Turkey

 

Hierapolis / Pamukkale travertines common field entrance: 80TL. Opens from November to March 6:30 am- 07:00 pm, April to October 6 am-midnight.

Antique pool entry: 50TL. Open Nov-March 8am-5.30pm, April-Oct 8am-7.30pm.

 

 

Hierapolis Ancient City: Pamukkale Turkey

 

 

Pamukkale Turkey, which has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List since 1988, is intertwined with the Ancient City of Hierapolis.

 

Hierapolis Ancient City, one of the most important ancient city areas not only in Turkey but also in the world, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List just like the travertines.

 

The unique ancient heritage of the Kingdom of Pergamon was famous for its thermal resources and healing properties even in 197 BC when it was founded.

 

Hierapolis, which takes its name from a cave, means "Holy City". This cave caused the death of some living creatures with the existence of thermal waters and gas (carbon dioxide).

 

Although earthquakes in 133 BC and 60 AD destroyed the city known to the world with its temples, later it was rebuilt by the Romans.

 

 

Travertines of Pamukkale Turkey

 

 

 

Pamukkale travertines are a visual feast created by thermal waters in the Buyuk Menderes River Basin with a series of earthquakes 400,000 years ago.

 

Pamukkale Turkey, located in Denizli, is famous for its snow-white travertines visited by millions of local and foreign visitors every year, the fascinating Cleopatra Pool, and the Ancient City of Hierapolis.

 

The terraces of this masterpiece of nature, which has been serving a spa for 1000 years, consist of carbonate minerals precipitated from the hot spring water.

It is also one of the 29 places in the world that have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List with its natural and cultural features.

 

Travertines of Pamukkale Turkey and Cappadocia with their natural beauties are among the first places that foreigners and tourists want to see here.

 

Pamukkale Travertines consist of spring waters and travertine terraced hills. This terrace, located at the foothills of the Cokelez Mountain and extending at an altitude of 100-150 meters from the plain, contains thermal springs that create Pamukkale at a distance of about 6 km and provide the formation of travertines.

Travertines start from the area called Domuzcukuru near Kadı Creek and extend to Caltik Creek, which flows next to the last grave of the Necropolis in the north. Thermal waters provide the formation of these travertines, 50 meters high, about 3 km long and 250-600 meters wide.

 

 

 Pamukkale Travertines formation

 

 

 

The thermal water of Pamukkale Turkey coming out of the spring travels a distance of about 320 meters and comes to the travertine and from here it pours into the snow-white travertine layers and extends up to 240-300 meters.

 

When the water saturated with calcium carbonate evaporates under the sun, it first emerges a cottony appearance of white travertines in gel form and solidifies and turns into rocks with the crystallized surface.

 

In addition to calcium carbonate, it contains sulfate, sodium, iron, potassium, magnesium, free carbon dioxide.

The sedimentary rock travertine terrace is white like cotton and named Pamukkale because of the softness of its original form, and there are 17 hot water areas in the 33-35 ° C temperature range.

 

It has been known for its healing waters since ancient times and welcomes visitors who want to find healing like today.

Pamukkale Turkey healing waters are good for digestive, respiratory, circulatory and skin diseases. It regained its former whiteness with the removal of the hotels, which were between the ancient bath structure and travertines, which once brought the travertines to the stage of destruction.

 

 

 

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