Life in Turkey for Foreigners: As a workforce, capital, and knowledge are developing around the world, people are running after occupational opportunities in different countries.
Turkey emerges as an advantageous place for foreign nationals in terms of living standards, job facilities and social rights. Foreigners who acquire Turkish citizenship or work permit can benefit from all social rights.
Constitution of the Republic of Turkey "Everyone has the right to social security." provision is included. This explanation contains the social rights of foreigners as well.
The Social Insurance and General Health Insurance Law also address this point. According to the law; “Outside for the nationality of the country that has an international social security contract on the basis of reciprocity, those who work with a service contract from foreign nationals are aforethought to be insured according to the 4/a (SSK) article.”
Bilateral social security agreements coordinate the social security rights and necessities of the citizens of the countries signing this agreement. In case of the existence of such a contract among the two countries, the citizens of these countries have many social security rights.
In this case, the basic rules about foreigners, when they began to work in Turkey it should be reported to the Social Security Agency. On the other hand, bilateral social security agreements to parties who are nationals of countries from which they come are insured in the country, for the term identified in the contract is not in Turkey, they are considered insured in their country.
For instance, this time; It is 24 months for Georgian citizens. This term can be spread up to 60 months. K.K.T.C. For its natives, this period is 24 months and the duration is extended according to on the agreement among the 2 countries. Therefore, he is not considered an insured person, even when they have a job in Turkey.
Foreign nationals should personally apply to the nearest social security center to get an advantage of general health insurance. Turkey has above the six hundred social security centers to make this implementation in general. Foreigners who start their own business or obtain work permits can benefit from health rights.
Foreigners who have obtained a residence permit Turkey, foreigners without insurance from a foreign country, living for more than one year and foreign nationals who apply after this period can benefit from universal health insurance in Turkey.
Partner (wife or husband), children under 18 years of age, in case of high school or equivalent education, children who are under 20 and not married, in case of higher education, children who have not reached the age of 25 and are not married, unmarried children, who are determined to be disabled regardless of age, mother and father, whose livelihood is provided by the foreign national, can benefit from health services of their family member who is entitled to universal health insurance.
Life in Turkey for Foreigners - Foreigners that have signed social security agreements based on reciprocity with the Republic of Turkey, depending on this agreement they can obtain unemployment insurance if they are working in Turkey.
Employed foreign nationals with work permits in Turkey are also working hours, overtime, paid and unpaid leave, severance pay, collective bargaining rights, are entitled to such termination of the contract and the service contract. Foreigners also have equal rights as Turkish citizens in these terms.
Life in Turkey for Foreigners - By 2016 foreigners in Turkey are prohibited from performing some of the professions such as dentistry, midwifery and nursing, pharmacy, veterinary medicine and the responsible directorate in private hospitals. Within the territorial waters, captain, fish, oyster, mussel, sponge, pearl, coral, etc. Export, diving, seeking, guiding, wheeling, clerk, crew, advocacy, notary, customs brokerage and a security guard in private or public institutions. Foreigners are free to do their professions that are not included in mentioned here.
It is a fact that insured foreign employees also can acquire retirement from Turkey. Whatever conditions a Turkish citizen has to retire, a foreigner must meet the same conditions. The suitable age for the retirement of a foreign woman is 58 years as well as 60 years for men. Dependent employees must fulfill the 7200 premium days, and independent and public employees must complete 9000 premium days.