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Afgan Culture

Afgan culture is much enriched because Afganistan is geographically located at the connecting point of four great cultural zones. Which are the Middle East, Central Asia, Indian Subcontinent and the Far East. The official language of Afganistan is Pashtu and Dari.


All expressions and beliefs of Afgan culture have been figurate by a deep-rooted belief in Islam and culture values. All of these beliefs guide everything from the way people dress, greet each other, food culture, sleeping, and working.Almost 99% of Afgans are Muslim and rule most of their personal, political, economic and legal lives according to Islam.


These various impacts can be seen in cultural values and norms through Afganistan and can be discerned in Afgan cuisine. The country's regional specialties reflecting the diversity found throughout the country. These various impacts can be seen in cultural values and norms through Afganistan and can be discerned in Afgan cuisine. The country's regional features present the diversity found throughout Afganistan.


One of the best points about Afgan culture values is their hospitality. Guests are served the best possible meal, of course always served after a cup of tea and delicious snacks. Tea is the drunkest beverage within the day, offered to all guests, and everyone has their way of preparing the tea. Turkish people and Afgan people are very similar in this culture.


In Afgan culture the meals are traditionally eaten in bulk, sitting on large colored pillows called Toshak, settle down around a low-lying table named Sandali. A diversity of special foods are prepared all around the year, from special meat kebabs and Palavas to marinades and fruits. There is always a great belief to eat well, no matter during religious holidays, or engagements and weddings.


While listening to music, Afganistan's various linguistic, ethnic and territorial cultural traditions are maybe the most featured. Coming from the southern Pashtun districts in the form of a poetic feast of nine and thirteen-syllable lines, folk music contrasts with the four-line form of the Dari Chahar Baiti traditionally based in the West.


With the establishment of Radio Kabul in 1941, an Afgan music style began to form throughout the country, fusing with western impacts. During that period internationally famed Afgan artists such as Ahmed Zahir and later Farhad Darya are hit the marketplace. For information about Turkish culture you can click the link. 






Afganistan which was known as Khorasan previously is a link between the great civilizations of the world due to its perfect location on the Silk Road. It is famous as one of the most important commercial centers of the ancient period.


The important and sensitive geostrategic and geopolitical location of Afganistan has played an important role in forming a rich mosaic of major cultures and civilizations. Major civilizations such as Iran, Central Asia, the Middle East and South Asia in this country.


Throughout historical periods, the people of Afganistan, have played a great role in the introduction and spread of world religions and a significant role in trade and commerce. They have occasionally been the dominant political and cultural center in Asia.


Also, there are lots of similarities between Afgan culture and Turkish culture that is why Afgan citizens can start a great life in Turkey. Afgan citizens can obtain a residence permit and Turkish citizenship by investment. Whether you can buy a house for a residence permit or a house in the worth of 250.000 Dollars and obtain citizenship directly within 90-180 days. 




Ancient Art and Architecture in Afgan Culture


Afganistan's architecture refers to architecture in the boundary defining the contemporary country, which is unchanged since 1834. Architecture is one of the most important issues in afgan culture.


As the three major cultural and geographical centers of Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Iranian uplands connected, the borders of the region changed with the sudden advance of the armies and a wide range of territories depending on empires.


The variety of Afgan history permits the diversity which is available in the afganistan architecture and architectural antiquities. With impacts ranging from Greek to Persian, Indian to Chinese and European in the last ages. A number of religious effects are also happening over time, and evidence shows mainly early Buddhist, Zoroastrian, and Islamic factors.


The ancient art of Afganistan first appeared in the treasures at the entrances of Buddhist stupas discovered by chance by tourists or archaeologists. (Joseph Hackin) and his team were mined by the French Archaeological Board in Afganistan.


The treasury contains glass vessels, bronze vessels and statues, plaster molds with Greek motifs, and objects, most of which came from the Mediterranean zones. This treasure also includes wooden parts of the house (furniture) that are engraved and decorated with Indian ivory. Porcelain containers also prove to the use of the Silk Road.


There are most popular Early Islamic architecture that reflects the richness of afgan culture values such as mausoleum at Mazar-Sharif, mosques, Ghorid minaret at Jam.


Early Buddhist architecture in Afgan culture took its special place and have seen great interest from everyone around the world. Which are: Stupa excavated 35km from Kabul, Buddhas of Bamyan, Surkh Kotal, also called Chashma-i Shir or Sar-i Chashma. You can also find Timurid architecture in Afganistan.




Afgan Family Culture


Family and respecting elders are the most important unit in Afgan family culture values. The roles of men and women are defined in a much more traditional way in Afgan family. Women are often responsible for housework, where men often take the role of breadwinners. 


Some professional women work outside and are taking financial responsibility in the cities. Afgan culture is much enriched with values such as family. They give very importance to their family as much as that they give priority to their families' interests. This shows the loyalty of the children to their parents and vice versa in Afgan family.




Festivals and Celebrations in Afgan Culture




Nowruz Festival


Nowruz is one of the oldest and most important celebrations of Afgan culture celebrating from ancient times. Nowruz in Afganistan and Iran is the beginning of the New Year as well as the spring season.

The name "Nevruz” means “new day" and the celebration of Newruz represents the rebirth of nature, new life and new beginnings in Afgan culture.


According to the Afgan culture, this celebration is held for three days and Afgan people get prepare for the beginning of this celebration a few days before the New Year. Nowruz celebrations in Afganistan include some other celebrations such as: Red Rose Festival, Farmer Festival, traditional food named Samanak and preparing of the special Haft-sin. 





In Afganistan, people prepare Haft-sin with seven dried fruits. Haft-sin is something like a fruit salad consisting of seven different dried fruits soaked in water. These seven delight dried fruits are raisins, Senjed (the dried fruit of the Elaeagnus Angustifolia tree). Also, pistachios, hazelnuts, dried apricots, walnuts and either almonds or another species of plum fruit. If you are cerious about Turkish foods you can click the link. 


Independence Day Celebration


Independence Day celebration is celebrated every year in Afgan culture on 28 August, the anniversary of Afganistan's independence. Afganistan gained independence from Britain in 1919 during the Government of Amanullah Khan.